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What type of hosting to choose?
For many beginners owners of web projects, the choice of hosting is a difficult task. Firstly, the hosting service itself is not easy from a technical point of view. Secondly, there are many hosting providers who position themselves as reliable professionals, but to choose among them is really decent is not always easy.
On the market of hosting services are available to users five main types of hosting:
- Virtual hosting (Shared);
- Virtual dedicated server (VPS-server);
- A dedicated physical server (Dedicated);
- Cloud hosting;
- Colocation (placement of customer equipment in the data center provider).
Before choosing between the proposals of different providers, you should decide what type of hosting suits you. Let's consider them in detail.
Virtual hosting (Shared)
Virtual hosting is a server that hosts a bunch of sites. They use the same software and have the same capabilities. On one server can be about a thousand sites. As a rule, on this hosting have a small web resources, which do not require large capacities and disk space. Thanks to its low cost and lack of need for server administration, virtual hosting - the most common choice among users.
Virtual Private Server (VPS-server)
VPS differs from virtual hosting in that the owner of such a server can install and configure any software. In fact, VPS-server management does not differ from physical server management.
A site on a VPS is allocated certain resources in accordance with the tariff. This is not always possible with Shared-hosting, where server resources are evenly distributed among all sites.
Dedicated physical server (Dedicated)
Users are given a separate server in a data center for independent control with the ability to install any operating system, to change the software to suit their needs. This kind of hosting is used for large-scale resource-intensive projects with high demands and is well suited for large online stores with high attendance or, for example, online games.
Cloud hosting (Cloud hosting)
Cloud hosting - the united system of servers on which the client sites are located. Thus, the allocated capacity for the client is not limited to one server, and distributed among several servers. This ensures uninterrupted operation of the resource, regardless of the failure of any one server.
In addition to improved performance, cloud hosting attracts customers and other benefits. Firstly, the user pays only for the resources that he used - the price of the service depends on the amount of power consumption. Secondly, the cloud hosting automatically increases or decreases the allocated resources in case of changes in load. Thanks to this distribution of capacity, the client does not need to calculate the possible level of resource consumption for the right choice of tariff.
Colocation of customer equipment in the provider's data center. Literally it translates as "co-location", which accurately describes this type of hosting service. Your server is located on the technological platform of the provider (data center), which provides him a high-speed Internet channel and takes care of other necessary conditions of the content.
Compared to other types of hosting, Colocation gives its owner the greatest freedom for the realization of ideas, but for the work with it requires appropriate technical knowledge. Thus, the development of the web project is limited only by your imagination and skills - any necessary technical parameters, such as the amount of disk space or new software, can be added as needed.
Paid or free hosting?
If you are just starting an internet project and decided to stop at the service of virtual hosting, the first problem you will face - the choice between the paid and free hosting.
I say at once that the second option is suitable only for small business or home sites, not designed for a wide audience. The fact that free hosting does not provide a number of important conditions necessary for the full work site. First of all, this concerns the low stability of the server, which, because of the frequent failures and forced outages deprive visitors to the site, and its owner - these very visitors.
Free hosting is suitable only for small projects, not designed for a wide audience. In addition, free hosting often lacks the necessary tools: Perl, MySQL, PHP, databases, mail and much more. Also on your site will be placed advertising hosting provider, and the domain name is likely to be the third level (eg, example.hostname.com).
Also when using the service for free, you are unlikely to be able to make any demands on the hosting provider. Therefore, for medium and the more corporate and commercially oriented sites and other serious Internet projects is recommended to connect paid hosting.